Welcome to the fifth post in the Ultimate Guide to Homeschooling Styles series! Click here to view the rest of the series.
Unit studies involve choosing a theme, then organising work covering subject areas around that theme. A theme could be a classic novel, a topic such as France, stingrays or trucks, or a historical period. Unit studies can be as brief as a week, or last for months. You can do one topic at a time or switch between a few. They’re a great way to learn in depth about a topic and have your child delve deeply into (and satisfy) their interests and curiosity.
An example of a Unit Study on Bread
Bread. Doesn’t sound very interesting to most people, right? But organising a unit study around it proves surprisingly easy! Here are some ideas for activities related to bread – there’s plenty more.
- Research the history of breadmaking. Write an age-appropriate summary of it
- Make a variety of yeasted and unyeasted breads
- Capture your own sourdough culture and make sourdough bread
- Research and make breads specific to different historical periods, cultures or countries. Explore reasons why different breads have developed in different areas
- Visit a bakery – a modern one and an artisanal one if possible. Compare the different methods and appliances used
- Make a poster illustrating different types of bread, or a bread timeline
- Investigate the chemistry behind bread and yeasts
- Reading quality stories and poetry involving bread – Terry Pratchett’s dwarf bread (can be used as a weapon) comes to mind, as does the lembas bread in Lord of the Rings or damper in many Australian history stories and poems. Read the Gingerbread Man to little ones!
- Investigate hardtack and how and when it has been used in history. Make some!
- Write a bread recipe book
- Put on a bread feast or tasting session for friends or family
As you can see, any topic area has the potential to involve learning in multiple subject areas. Reading, writing, science, technology, history, maths, geography, botany, art and cooking are all easily covered in the study of bread. The activities are varied and interesting while being unified by a central theme.
Unit studies may be one of the cheapest methods to DIY. Library resources are a great first stop. From there, internet resources can be used to investigate further. Maybe a science kit or equipment will be needed, or ingredients for cooking, or phone calls to organise a related outing or a chat to an expert (the local homeschool group may appreciate being involved in these too).
Pre-made unit studies are available, but it can be hard to find the right resources as recommended (such as a specific book list about plants). It can be easier to organise your own, based around resources you own or have available at your local library.
The Good Points
- Unit studies encourage in-depth research and learning
- They’re fun
- They’re easily affordable
- They’re excellent for families with multiple age groups, as the tasks can be adapted to abilities
- They integrate all subject areas, easily enabling children to see the connection between areas of knowledge
- They develop research skills due to the wide-ranging exploration needed
- Length can be adapted to suit interest
- Content is highly focussed on, and very well addressed, but specific skills aren’t. These may need to addressed separately. Many homeschoolers cover maths separately, and may add specific topics like grammar or science too.
- If using pre-made unit studies it can be difficult and time-consuming to find the specific resources recommended
Unit Studies Made Easy-Valerie Bendt | eBook
Want stacks of great ideas for unit studies, many of them free? Check out my Unit Studies board on Pinterest!
As part of the Australian Homeschooling Summit, I presented a workshop about homeschooling styles and how to use them to build your own personalised homeschool.
The best bit? You can view it for free – yay!